Snodgrass, Neil

SUBJECT AREA: Textiles
[br]
fl. late 1790s Scotland
[br]
Scottish inventor of the scutcher for opening and cleaning raw cotton.
[br]
Raw cotton arrived in Britain in tightly packed bales. Before spinning, the fibres had to be opened out, and dirt, seeds and bits of plant had to be removed. This was an unpleasant and fatiguing job usually carried out by women and children. By 1800 it could be done by two machines. The first stage in opening was the "willow" and then the cotton was passed through the "scutcher" to open it further and give it a more effective cleaning. These machines reduced the labour of the operation to about one-twentieth of what it had been. The scutching machine was constructed by Snodgrass and first used at Houston's mill in Johnstone, near Paisley, in 1797. It was derived from the threshing machine invented by Andrew Meikle of Phantassie in 1786. In the scutcher, revolving bars beat the cotton to separate the fibres from the trash. As the dirt fell out, the cotton was blown forward by a fan and was rolled up into a lap at the end of the machine. Scutchers were not introduced to Manchester until 1808 or 1809 and further improvements were soon made to them.
[br]
Further Reading
R.L.Hills, 1970, Power in the Industrial Revolution, Manchester (covers the development of the scutcher).
W.English, 1970, The Textile Industry, London (provides a brief account).
RLH

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Textiles — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Anthelm, Ludwig Arkwright, Sir Richard Arnold, Aza Austin, John Bauer, H. Berthollet, Claude Louis Bevan, Edward John …   Biographical history of technology

  • Cunninghamhead Estate — The Cunninghamhead Estate Caravan park and housing at the site of old Cunninghamhead House. Type Residential Park Location Cunninghamhead Estate, Irvine …   Wikipedia

  • Leeds United Association Football Club — Infobox club sportif Leeds United …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Real time database — A real time database is a processing system designed to handle workloads whose state is constantly changing (Buchmann). This differs from traditional databases containing persistent data, mostly unaffected by time. For example, a stock market… …   Wikipedia

  • Saison 2011-2012 de Leeds United AFC — Leeds United FC Saison 2011 2012 Généralités Président …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of The Outer Limits episodes — This page is a list of the episodes of The Outer Limits, a U.S. science fiction anthology television series originally lasting two seasons in the 1960s, which was revived for a seven season run in the 1990s. The original series ran on the ABC… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste de zoologistes — Attention, il n est pas d usage en zoologie d utiliser d abréviation pour les noms des auteurs (contrairement aux usages de la botanique, voir ici). Cette liste ne constitue pas une liste officielle. Nous attirons l attention du lecteur sur son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leeds United A.F.C. — Leeds United redirects here. For other uses, see Leeds United (disambiguation). Leeds United Full name Leeds United Association Football Club …   Wikipedia

  • Saison 2009-2010 du Leeds United FC — Leeds United FC Saison 2009 2010 Généralités Président …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Max Gradel — Gradel as a Leicester City player. Personal information Full name …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.